The Mr. FAT-W classic Italian Neorealist collection, presented in the original Italian language, includes many of the most important precoursors to the Neoralist period, and the true gems produced during it. All will shortly be available on Amazon.com, and through the FATW eBay store; the links to each are:
Wikipedia: "Italian neorealism (Italian: Neorealismo), also known as the Golden Age of Italian Cinema, is a national film movement characterized by stories set amongst the poor and the working class, filmed on location, frequently using non-professional actors. Italian neorealism films mostly contend with the difficult economic and moral conditions of post-World War II Italy, representing changes in the Italian psyche and conditions of everyday life, including poverty, oppression, injustice, and desperation.
"Italian neorealism came about as World War II ended and Benito Mussolini's government fell, causing the Italian film industry to lose its centre. Neorealism was a sign of cultural change and social progress in Italy. Its films presented contemporary stories and ideas and were often shot in streets as the Cinecittà film studios had been damaged significantly during the war.
"The neorealist style was developed by a circle of film critics that revolved around the magazine Cinema, including Luchino Visconti, Gianni Puccini, Cesare Zavattini, Giuseppe De Santis and Pietro Ingrao. Largely prevented from writing about politics (the editor-in-chief of the magazine was Vittorio Mussolini, son of Benito Mussolini), the critics attacked the Telefoni Bianchi films that dominated the industry at the time. As a counter to the popular mainstream films, some critics felt that Italian cinema should turn to the realist writers from the turn of the 20th century.
"Both Antonioni and Visconti had worked closely with Jean Renoir. In addition, many of the filmmakers involved in neorealism developed their skills working on calligraphist films (though the short-lived movement was markedly different from neorealism). Elements of neorealism are also found in the films of Alessandro Blasetti and the documentary-style films of Francesco De Robertis. Two of the most significant precursors of neorealism are Jean Renoir's Toni (1935) and Alessandro Blasetti's 1860 (1934). In the spring of 1945, Mussolini was executed and Italy was liberated from German occupation. This period, known as the "Italian Spring," was a break from old ways and an entrance to a more realistic approach when making films. Italian cinema went from utilizing elaborate studio sets to shooting on location in the countryside and city streets in the realist style.
"The first neorealist film is generally thought to be Ossessione by Luchino Visconti (1943). Neorealism became famous globally in 1946 with Roberto Rossellini's Rome, Open City, when it won the Grand Prize at the Cannes Film Festival as the first major film produced in Italy after the war.
"Italian neorealism rapidly declined in the early 1950s. Liberal and socialist parties were having difficulties presenting their message. The vision of the existing poverty and despair, presented by neorealist cinema, was demoralizing a nation anxious for prosperity and change. Additionally, the first positive effects of the Italian economic miracle period – such as gradual rises in income levels – caused the themes of neorealism to lose their relevance. As a consequence, most Italians favored the optimism shown in many American movies of the time. The views of the post-war Italian government of the time were also far from positive, and the remark of Giulio Andreotti, who was then a vice-minister in the De Gasperi cabinet, characterized the official view of the movement: Neorealism is "dirty laundry that shouldn't be washed and hung to dry in the open"....
"Neorealist films were generally filmed with nonprofessional actors although, in a number of cases, well-known actors were cast in leading roles, playing strongly against their normal character types in front of a background populated by local people rather than extras brought in for the film. They are shot almost exclusively on location, mostly in rundown cities as well as rural areas due to its forming during the post-war era.
"Neorealist films typically explore the conditions of the poor and the lower working class. Characters oftentimes exist within simple social order where survival is the primary objective. Performances are mostly constructed from scenes of people performing fairly mundane and quotidian activities, devoid of the self-consciousness that amateur acting usually entails. Neorealist films often feature children in major roles, though their characters are frequently more observational than participatory.
"Open City established several of the principles of neorealism, depicting clearly the struggle of normal Italian people to live from day to day under the extraordinary difficulties of the German occupation of Rome, consciously doing what they can to resist the occupation. The children play a key role in this, and their presence at the end of the film is indicative of their role in neorealism as a whole: as observers of the difficulties of today who hold the key to the future. Vittorio De Sica's 1948 film The Bicycle Thief is also representative of the genre, with non-professional actors, and a story that details the hardships of working-class life after the war....
"At the height of neorealism, in 1948, Visconti adapted I Malavoglia, a novel by Giovanni Verga, written at the height of the 19th century realist verismo movement (in many ways the basis for neorealism, which is therefore sometimes referred to as neoverismo), bringing the story to a modern setting, which resulted in remarkably little change in either the plot or the tone. The resulting film, The Earth Trembles, starred only nonprofessional actors and was filmed in the same village (Aci Trezza) as the novel was set in....
"The period between 1943 and 1950 in the history of Italian cinema is dominated by the impact of neorealism, which is properly defined as a moment or a trend in Italian film rather than an actual school or group of theoretically motivated and like-minded directors and scriptwriters. Its impact nevertheless has been enormous not only on Italian film but also on French New Wave cinema, the Polish Film School and ultimately on films all over the world....
"Furthermore, as some critics have argued, the abandoning of the classical way of doing cinema and so the starting point of the Nouvelle Vague and the Modern Cinema can be found in the post-war Italian cinema and in the neorealism experiences. In particular, this cinema seems to be constituted as a new subject of knowledge, which it-self builds and develops. It produces a new world in which the main elements have not so many narrative functions as they have their own aesthetic value, related with the eye that is watching them and not with the action they are coming from.
"The Neorealist period is often simply referred to as "The Golden Age" of Italian cinema by critics, filmmakers and scholars. The extent to which Italian neorealism was truly innovative continues to be debated among film historians. Despite its wide influence, some have argued that it was more a revival of earlier Italian creative works than a groundbreaking movement."
They collection is in the public domain in Italy; the digital upgraded versions are of remarkably high technical quality. The collection has a total of nineteen feature-length movies, and two shorter movies combined into one DVD, is broken into five groups as follows:
MR. FAT-W ITALIAN CLASSICS
I. ROBERTO ROSSELLINI
1. ROMA CITTA APERTA [English: ROME, OPEN CITY]
2. PAISA [English: PAISAN]
3. GERMANIA ANNO ZERO [English: GERMANY YEAR ZERO]
4. AMORE (a/k/a L' AMORE) [English: WOMAN/WAYS OF LOVE]
II. VITTORIO DE SICA
1. MADDALENA ZERO IN CONDOTTA [English: MADDALENE, ZERO IN CONDUCT]
2. TERESA VENERDI [English: DOCTOR BEWARE]
3. SCIUSCIA [English: SHOESHINE]
4. LADRI DI BICICLETTE [English: THE BICYCLE THIEF]
III. THE BEST
1. SCIOPIONE L'AFRICANO [Eng: SCIPIO AFRICANUS]
2. SIGNOR MAX (a/k/a IL SIGNOR MAX) [Eng: MR. MAX]
3. CACCIA TRAGICA [Eng: TRAGIC HUNT]
4. LA TERRA TREMA [Eng: THE EARTH TREMBLES]
IV. LE ORIGINI DELLA COMMEDIA
1. NERONE and IL MEDICO PER FORZA (a/k/a ANTOLOGIA DI PETROLINI, (a/k/a
PETROLINI) [English: NERONE (a/k/a ANTHOLOGY, a/k/a PETROLINI's STORY,
a/k/a NERONE and STRONG)]
2. UOMINI CHE MASCALZONI! (a/k/a GLI UOMINI CHE MASCALZONI!, a/k/a DOMINI
CHE MASCALZONE) [English: WHAT RASCALS MEN ARE!]
3. QUATTRO PASSI TRA LE NUVOLE [English: FOUR STEPS IN THE CLOUDS]
4. L'ONOREVOLE ANGELINA [English: ANGELINA]
V. THE INDEPENDENTS
1. UN GARIBALDINO IN CONVENTO [English: SOLDIER OF GARIBALDI IN
2. GIORNO NELLA VITA (a/k/a UN GIORNO NELLA VITA) [English: ONE DAY IN
3. NATALE AL CAMPO 119 [Engglish: BORN IN CAMP 119]
4. SOTTO IL SOLE DI ROMA [Eng: UNDER THE SUN OF ROME]
Details for each title in the collection are as follows:
1. ROMA CITTA APERTA [English: OPEN CITY] 1945; B&W, 100 minutes, Directed byRoberto Rossellini; Cast: Anna Magnani, Aldo Fabrizi, Marcello Pagliero, Anna Michi, Harry Feist; screenplay, Sergio Amidei and Roberto Rossellini; winner, New York Film Critics Award 1946: Best Foreign Film; Cannes Festival Award Winner. IMDb Synopsis: "During the Nazi occupation of Rome in 1944, resistance leader Giorgio Manfredi is chased by Nazis and he seeks refuge and escape." NOTE: first registered Italy 9/27/46; became public domain Italy 9/28/75
2. PAISA [English: PAISAN] 1946; B&W; 112 minutes, Directed by Roberto Rossellini; Cast: Carmela Sazio, Vito Chiari, Robert Von Loon, Dots M. Johnson, Marcello Pagliero, Alfonsino, Maria Michi; Screenplay: Frederico Fellini, Sergio Amidei, Alfred Hayes, Sergio Pagliero, Roberto Rossellini; Director of Photography: Otello Martelli; Music: Renzo Rossellini; Winner, New York Film Critics Award, 1948: Best Foreign Film. IMDb Synopsis: "Six vignettes follow the Allied invasion from July 1943 to winter 1944, from Sicily north to Venice. Communication is fragile. A woman leads an Allied patrol through a mine field; she dies protecting a G.I., but the Yanks think she killed him. A street urchin steals shoes from a G.I. who tracks him to a shanty town. A G.I. meets a woman the day Rome is liberated; in six months they meet again: he's cynical, she's a prostitute. A US nurse braves the trip across the Arno into German fire in search of a partisan she loves. Three chaplains, including a Jew, call on a monastery north in the Apennines. Allied soldiers and partisans try to escape capture in the marshes of the Po." NOTE: first registered Italy 12/10/46; became public domain Italy 12/11/76
3. GERMANIA ANNO ZERO [English: GERMANY YEAR ZERO] 1947; B&W; 70 minutes; Director: Roberto Rossellini; Cast: Edmund Mesche, Ernest Pitschau, Ingestraud Finze, Franz Kruger, Eric Guhne, Barbara Hintze. IMDb Storyline: "Edmund, a young boy who lives in war-devastated Germany after the Second World War has to do all kinds of work and tricks to help his family in getting food and barely survive. One day he meets a man who used to be one of his teachers in school and hopes to get support from him, but the ideas of this man do not lead Edmund in a clearer or safer way of living..." NOTE: first registered Italy 12/1/48; became public domain in Italy 12/2/78
4. AMORE (a/k/a L' AMORE) [English: WOMAN/WAYS OF LOVE] 1948; B&W; 75 minutes; Directed by Roberto Rossellini; Cast: Anna Magnani, Frederico Fellini, Peparuolo, Amelia Robert. IMDb Storyline: "In part one, The Human Voice, a woman alone speaks on the telephone to her lover, who has broken off the affair to marry someone else. He calls her several times in one night: he lies, she apologizes, she takes the blame, she weeps, she pleads, she asks a favor. Her pain and desperation drive the simple story. In part two, The Miracle, a homeless woman believes that a man she encounters on a hillside is Saint Joseph; he takes advantage of her. When she discovers she is pregnant, she knows it's a miracle. Other villagers mock her, and she has the baby alone, near a locked church, in the straw of a goat shed." NOTE: first registered Italy 10/30/48; became public domain in Italy 10/31/78
5. MADDALENA ZERO IN CONDOTTA [English: MADDALENE, ZERO IN CONDUCT] 1940; B&W; Directed by Vittolio De Sica; Cast: Vittorio De Sica, Carla Del Poggio, Vera Bergman, Roberto Villa, Iraseme Diliam, Amelia Chellini, Guglielmo Bernabo', Paola Vernroni, Arturo Bragaglia.
IMDb Storyline, translated from Italian through Google Translator: "Miss Elisa teaches commercial writing in a female school, where all letters, by convention, are sent to a non-existent Mr. Hartman in Vienna at an equally non-existent address. Elisa is romantic and entices her dreams to letters she writes to the ghostly Hartman. But one of these letters is found by Maddalena Lenci and stuffed. Carlo Hartman does exist, just to that address and received the letter runs to Rome to meet the girl. But in Rome there is also her cousin who falls in love with Maddalena by exchanging her for Elisa ..." NOTE: first registered Italy 12/18/40; became public domain in Italy 12/19/76
6. TERESA VENERDI [English: DOCTOR BEWARE] 1941; B&W; 92 Mins.; Directed by Vittorio De Sica; Cast: Vittorio De Sica, Adriana Benetti, Irasema Dilian, Anna Magnani, Olga Vittoria Gentilli, Arturo Bragaglia, Virgilio Riento, Nino Pepe, Giuditta Rissone, Guglielmo Barnabo. IMDb Storyline: "A comedy of errors in which the sweetly incompetent Dr. Pietro Vignali (de Sica) has been run deep into debt by his girlfriend, Loletta Prima (Magnani). After his creditors threaten to sell his belongings, he takes a job as an orphanage health inspector to pay his debts and ends up engaged to wealthy Lilli, daughter of a mattress tycoon, and chased after by the orphan Teresa Venerdí, while trying to keep his life in order." NOTE: first registered Italy 11/24/41; became public domain in Italy 11/25/77
7. SCIUSCIA [English: SHOESHINE; Academy Award, 1947: Special Award] 1946; B&W; 82 Mins.; Directed by Vittorio De Sica; Cast: Vittorio De Sica, Adriana Benetti, Irasema Dilián, Guglielmo Barnabò, Olga Vittoria Gentilli, Anna Magnani, Elvira Betrone, Giuditta Rissone, Virgilio Riento, Annibale Betrone, Nico Pepe, Clara Auteri Pepe, Zaira La Fratta, Alessandra Adari, Lina Marengo. IMDb Storyline: "A comedy of errors in which the sweetly incompetent Dr. Pietro Vignali (de Sica) has been run deep into debt by his girlfriend, Loletta Prima (Magnani). After his creditors threaten to sell his belongings, he takes a job as an orphanage health inspector to pay his debts and ends up engaged to wealthy Lilli, daughter of a mattress tycoon, and chased after by the orphan Teresa Venerdí, while trying to keep his life in order."NOTE: first registered in Italy 4/27/46; became public domain in Italy 5/28/76
8. LADRI DI BICICLETTE [English: THE BICYCLE THIEF; Academy Award, 1949, Best
Foreign Language Film; New York Film Critics' Award, 1949: Best Foreign Film. 1948; B&W; 85 Mins.; Directed by Vittorio De Sica; Cast: Lamberto Maggiorani, Enzo Staiola, Lsianella Carell, Elena Altieri, Gino Saltamerenda, Massimo Randisi, Michele Sakara, Vittorio Antonucci, Giulio Chiari, Carlo Dachino. IMDb Storyline: "Ricci, an unemployed man in the depressed post-WWII economy of Italy, gets at last a good job - for which he needs a bike - hanging up posters. But soon his bicycle is stolen. He and his son walk the streets of Rome, looking for the bicycle. Ricci finally manages to locate the thief but with no proof, he has to abandon his cause. But he and his son know perfectly well that without a bike, Ricci won't be able to keep his job." NOTE: first registered Italy 11/24/48; became public domain Italy 11/25/78
9. SCIOPIONE L'AFRICANO [English: SCIPIO AFRICANUS] 1937; B&W;120 Mins.; Directed by Carmine Gallone; Cast: Annibale Ninchi, Camillo Pilotto, Isa Miranda, Francesca Braggiotti, Fosco Giachetti, Memo Senassi. IMDb Storyline: "A story of the Second Punic Wars, beginning with Scipio's futile pleas to the Roman Senate to build an army to battle Hannibal, that climaxes with the battle of Zama." Thousands of supporting actors, monumental sets, epic battles and all the great actors of that time, superbly recreating the Caesar's Imperial Rome." NOTE: first published in Italy 1937; became public domain Italy 1974
10. SIGNOR MAX (a/k/a IL SIGNOR MAX) [English: MR. MAX] 1937; 87 Mins.; Directed by Mario Camerini; Cast: Vittorio De Sica, Assia Noris, Rubi D'Alma, Lilia Dale. IMDb Storyline: "Vittorio De Sica, heir to a large sum of money and owner of a newspaper vending stall, makes enough money out of his business to take a vacation at a fashionable resort. He is given a cruise ticket by an aristocrat who is an old school friend, and is mistaken for the aristocrat when he uses a camera that has his friends name on it. Assia Noris plays a maid who falls in love with him because of who he is and not who others think he is. Happy ending comes when De Sica marries Noris, who is more real than the pampered society belles he has been partying with." NOTE: first published in Italy 1937; became public domain in Italy 1974
11. CACCIA TRAGICA [English: TRAGIC HUNT] 1948; 86 Min.; Directed by Giuseppe De Santis;
Cast: Vivo Gioi, Carla Del Poggio, Massimo Girotti, Andrea Checchi, Folco Lulli. Storyline: "Set in the aftermath of the war, the film opens with the robbery and pillaging of a cooperative by bandits; the assault and tragic surrender to the police and common people. A superb metaphor about the dangers that Italy must endure to heal the wounds of conflict and begin reconstruction." NOTE: first registered Italy 11/4/47; became public domain Italy 11/5/77
12. LA TERRA TREMA [English: THE EARTH TREMBLES] 1949; 158 Mins.; Directed by Luchino Visconti; Cast: various nonprofessional Sicilian fishermen: Vivi Gioi, Andrea Checchi, Carla Del Poggio, Vittorio Duse, Massimo Girotti, Checco Rissone, Umberto Sacripante, Alfredo Salvatori, Folco Lulli, Michele Riccardini, Eugenia Grandi, Piero Lulli, Guido Della Valle, Ermanno Randi, Massimo Rossini. Storyline: Filmed among the Sicilian fishermen of the village of Aci Trezza, the story exposes, in all its' drama, 'the hard life' and its struggles; and the oppression of the poor. It is astonishing how, with Visconti's refined hand, he is able to so profoundly recreate the life of these fishermen; and extract from his actors complete authenticity. NOTE: first registered Italy 9/2/48; became public domain Italy 9/3/78
13. NERONE and IL MEDICO PER FORZA (a/k/a ANTOLOGIA DI PETROLINI, a/k/a
PETROLINI) [English: NERONE (a/k/a ANTHOLOGY, a/k/a PETROLINI's STORY,
a/k/a NERONE and STRONG)] [English: DOCTOR BY FORCE] B&W; Combined Running Length: 71 minutes
NERONE: Produced in 1930; Directed by Alessandro Blasetti; Cast: Ettore Petrolini, Mercedes Brignone, Grazia del Rio. Wikepedia: "...an Italian comedy film, directed by Alessandro Blasetti. It stars Ettore Petrolini as the main actor. It has been described as a "Roman farce", a genre which was popular in Italy at the time It is a parody of imperial Rome and of the notorious Roman emperor, Nero....According to some critics, this parody was actually a satire against the fascist dictatorship and Benito Mussolini....The film features some unforgettable characters (more precisely in Italian: macchiette) created by Ettore Petrolini: Gastone, Fortunello and Nero. Nero, who rides a bicycle, which burns Rome with a match, that calls the fire department by phone from the imperial palace. There is also Petrolini in his dressing room surrounded by admirers, including a young girl who returns to the theater the next day, between the two was born a flirt, but the actor will not leave the theater to go out with her."
IL MEDICO PER FORZA: Produced in 1931; Directed by Carlo Campogalliani; Cast: Ettore Petrolini, Letizia Quaranta, Tilde Mercandalli. Wikipedia, translated from the Italian by Google
Translator: "Sganarello is forced by his wife to go for medical treatment. When summoned by a wealthy lord whose daughter is affected by a mysterious illness, Sganarello understands that the girl is only in love. With a stratagem, she enters the girl's spawning house, pretending to be a pharmacist, and she is able to "cure" her."
NOTE: First published in Italy in 1930/31; became public domain in Italy in 1968
14. UOMINI CHE MASCALZONI! (a/k/a GLI UOMINI CHE MASCALZONI! (a/k/a DOMINI CHE MASCALZONE) [English: WHAT RASCALS MEN ARE!] 1953; B&W; 79 Mins.; Directed by Glauco Pellegrini; Cast: Walter Chiari, Antonella Lualdi, Myriam Bru, Julien Carette, Marie Glory, Jone Salinas, Silvio Bagolini, Paola Borboni, Renato Salvatori, Lola Braccini, Marina Doge, Wilma Arys,
Cesira Vianello, Sylvana Zino. IMDb Review of original: "....Dismissed as "Signor Biciclette" by the perfume shop girls, cloth cap mechanic Vittorio borrows the car he's repairing at the garage and collects the appealing Lia Franca for a run, ending at the riverside cafe, where the old couple have put a coin in the proto juke boy, which plays "Love's last Word Is Spoken," for Vittorio and Lia to dance but their idyllic afternoon is disturbed by the boss' wife who has spotted the car and sees this as a lift home, stranding Lia. Calamities and misunderstanding accumulate, with the leads finally working at a Milanese Industrial Fair. This generates a rather winning ending to this advanced, agreeable, light weight." NOTE: This is a remake of the 1932 movie of the same name, which was directed by Mario Camerini, which starred Vittorio De Sica. It was first published in Italy 11/3/53, and became public domain for all purposes Italy 11/4/2003.
15. QUATTRO PASSI TRA LE NUVOLE [English: FOUR STEPS IN THE CLOUDS] 1942; B&W; 85 Mins.; Directed by Alessandro Blasetti; Cast: Gino Cervi, Adriana Bedetti, Enrico Viarisio, Carlo Romano, Lauro Gazzolo, Giuditta Rissone, Virgilio Riento. IMDb Storyline: "A family man travelling for work, Paolo Bianchi, meets on a train a lonely girl, Maria. He sees her again on a bus and she reveals him that she's in troubles: she's pregnant, her baby's father has left her and she doesn't know how to tell to her parents that she's not married. She asks Paolo to play the role of her husband and he accepts.... "
NOTE: first registered Italy 12/23/42; became public domain Italy 12/24/78
16. L'ONOREVOLE ANGELINA [English: ANGELINA] 1947; B&W; 83 Mins.; Directed by Luigi Zampa; Cast: Anna Magnani, Nando Bruno, Ave Ninchi, Ernesto Almirante, Agnese ubbini, Armando Migliari, Maria Donati, Maria Grazia Francia, Vittorio Mottini, Franco Zeffirelli, Gianni Musy, Ughetto Bertucci, Anita Angius, Aristide Baghetti, Cavalieri. IMDb Storyline: "A rowdy woman is so forceful that she outdoes her husband in a loud cry against speculators who refuse poor people entrance to a block of new apartments, built after WW2. Without noticing it, she starts a people's movement, and leads a march to the capital. She returns to her village a winner, an honourable MP. Yet, she is still the same simple, fiery woman, able to get in a hair-pulling brawl with the local barmaid for the affection of her man." NOTE: first registered Italy 11/12/47; became public domain Italy 11/13/77
17. UN GARIBALDINO IN CONVENTO [English: SOLDIER OF GARIBALDI IN THE
CONVENT] 1942; B&W; 85 Mins.; Directed by Vittorio De Sica; Cast: Carla Del Poggio, Maria Mercader, Leonardo Cortese, Lamberto Picasso, Olga Vittoria Gentilli, Armando Migliari, Vittorio De Sica, Elvira Betrone. IMDb Storyline: "An old woman's poignant reminiscence of her youth in a convent school, the happy moments and the sad, and her tragic love for a Garibaldian." Synopsis, www.comingsoon.it, translated with Google Translator: "In a female college - at the dawn of the Risorgimento - Mariella and Caterinetta, the noble first and daughter of the second lady, cause a series of accidents for the innate irony existing among their families. One day near the college there is a clash between gendarmes and garibaldi and one of them, injured, penetrates the garden to escape the pursuers. Caterinetta discovers and warns the old friar patriot gardener who is hosting him in his hut. But the wound is rather serious and needs to be cared for and Caterinetta asks for help in Mariella, a practice of medication, and the case wants the garibaldi to be his secretive boyfriend who for a long time did not see. Meanwhile, however, the gendarmes are actively searching for the fugitive and penetrate the college, causing confusion between the ignorant sisters and the young collegiate. Besieged in the hut, the garibaldino, the gardener and the two girls defend themselves aloof and before surrendering Caterinetta manages to run on horseback and ask for help at the camp of the Garibaldi. The wounded is saved and the two girls now recaptured will become the best friends." NOTE: produced in 1941, first published in Italy 3/10/42; became public domain in Italy 3/11/78
18. GIORNO NELLA VITA (a/k/a UN GIORNO NELLA VITA) [English: ONE DAY IN THE
LIFE] 1946; B&W; 79 Mins.; Directed by Alessandro Blasetti; no, Cesare Zavattini; Cast: Elisa Cegani, Amedeo Nazzari, Mariella Lotti, Massimo Girotti, Dina Sassoli, Ada Dondini. IMDb Storyline: "Some Italian partisans want to take refuge in a convent to escape German raids. The nuns are a little perplexed at first but then agree since one of the men is seriously wounded. When the partisans eventually leave, the Germans take a terrible revenge." NOTE: first registered Italy 4/5/46; became public domain Italy 4/6/76
19. NATALE AL CAMPO 119 [English: BORN IN CAMP 119] 1948; B&W; 78 Mins.; Directed by Piero Francisi; Cast: Aldo Fabrizi, Vittorio De Sica, Peppino De Filippo, Alberto Rabagliati, Aldo Fiorelli, Massimo Girotti, Giacomo Rondinella, Vera Carmi, Maria Mercader, Ave Ninchi, Beniamino Maggio, Adolfo Celi, Pietro De Vico. IMDb Storyline, translated from Italian by Google Translator: "
Second World War. Field 119 in California (USA). The war is over, but Italian prisoners are still waiting for their return home, preparing to celebrate, away from their families, another sad Christmas. To give a bit of vent to their nostalgia, they talk about episodes of their lives. A Roman tells of his difficult marital life. A Neapolitan soldier tells of his lieutenant, a clothed Neapolitan duke. Meanwhile, the commander of the camp gave the prisoners a gramophone and, so, the stories intertwine the songs. Another soldier remembers the festivals and chants of the Sicilian spring, while a Venetian gondolier recalls a loving adventure. Sometimes, out of radio, listen to news from abroad and from Italy. Finally, one day, the release waits and everyone returns home." NOTE: first registered Italy 12/22/47; became public domain Italy 12/23/77
20. SOTTO IL SOLE DI ROMA [English: UNDER THE SUN OF ROME] 1947; B&W; 83 Mins.; Directed by Renato Castellani; Cast: Aldo Fabrizi, Vittorio De Sica, Peppino De Filippo,
Massimo Girotti, Carlo Campanini, Alberto Rabagliati, Michael Tor, Aldo Fiorelli, Rocco D'Assunta,
Giacomo Rondinella, Nando Bruno, Adolfo Celi, Dante Bisio, Roberto Sichetti, María Mercader. IMDb Storyline: "The film starts with the narrator stating that "this is a true story." Ciro, a young man living in Rome during WWII, would rather go swimming than find a job to help support his family. His father is a night watchman, and works long hours, but cares for his family. He buys a new pair of shoes for Ciro, but Ciro carelessly loses them. Ciro and his friends plot to steal a pair to replace them, but clumsily steal two left shoes. Iris, his neighbor, is in love with Ciro, but he treats her badly. She helps with chores around his house while Ciro sleeps late and acts like one of Fellini's vitteloni. After the war, Ciro does not change his ways, and is involved in shady situations. He is involved with another man's wife, but breaks it off. He and his friends hang out in bars and run small-time scams. Although he promises Iris that he is going to look for a job, he participates in a heist of tires. Something happens that requires Ciro to finally grow up." NOTE: first published in Italy 10/2/48; became public domain Italy 11/3/78